France’s delay in adapting to climate change is again indicated byInstitute for Climate Economics (I4SE). In a report published Thursday, June 23, the reference NGO estimates that at least €2.3 billion a year investment will be needed to kick-start the country’s adaptation to floods, heat waves or fires.
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I4CE has set itself the goal of quantifying the costs of climate change adaptation. In this first publication, the institute compiled a list of 18 budget decisions that can “taken now” anticipate the negative impacts of climate change and prevent or minimize the damage that these impacts can cause. For example, “increase and maintain over time the funds available to water agencies for their actions in favor of the greater water cycle and biodiversity”, in the amount of 300 million per year; “perpetuate an annual budget to support the dissemination of best practices for adaptation in the city”, for 500 million euros; “incur additional costs in order to increase the requirements in terms of sustainable construction and adapt to future heat in the construction of educational and research buildings”, for 500 million
According to I4CE, the adaptation policy in France is still too timid. “We are not starting from scratch. Action has been taken, but it remains largely insufficient given the scale of the problems.” However, the know-how is already there, as in Romorantina, where the MJC has been completely redesigned and rebuilt to cope with the risk of flooding.
In this building, the small kitchen on the ground floor is jacked up to avoid the risk of flooding. “In Florida during the troublessays architect Eric Daniel Lacombe, they have trays to put all their furniture on and set it to ceiling height. Once the anxiety wears off, they dump everything back without losing much.” This example is very symbolic. First of all, it was necessary to redistribute the premises and in particular the first floor.
“First floor, we can no longer use it, this is the first observation. Reception and administration are on the ground floor. You have to tell yourself that there are places we will lose and places we are going to win.”Eric Daniel Lacombe, architect
The MJC also has fun doors that pivot to let the water through if it rises again. “The doors on the ground floor are doors that open in the direction of the current, chooses an architect. This got me into terrible fights with the carpenters, who told me, “But, Mr. Architect, you’re wrong.” The door, it always opens in or always out.”
In fact, adaptation here is associated with risk. Moreover, in front of the building we see large metal pontoons with a yellow line, in places rising almost four meters.. “The line is the water level when it passed in 2016. We continue to keep the memory not only of the flood line, but of the whole place.” Six years ago, a flood destroyed this MJC. It is located on a branch of the river, in a flood zone, but also in the city center.
“It would be stupid, inept to demolish this MEK, says Jeannie Lorge, mayor of Romorantin. We are not tearing down the city center, which has been historical for centuries.” The repair cost almost 3 million euros. It was also necessary to remove the concrete around the building to make the passage of water smoother if necessary and to get around the lack of risk culture on the part of the insurers. “Drama insuranceregrets Jeannie Lorge, the fact is that the insurance company tells you: “I am ready to bet 80%, but it should be done the same way. Because you have to adapt, you can’t do it the same way.”
To specialize in adaptations, the architect Eric Daniel Lacombe was inspired by what has already been done, in particular in Japan or the Netherlands. In Romorantin, he designed an area fully adapted to flood risks.