France needs to invest more

What is I4CE?

I4CE (Institute for Climate Economics) is an Institute for Climate Economics that bills itself as “ association expert in economics and finance whose mission is to promote action against climate change “.

This is an initiative of the Caisse des Dépôts and the French Development Agency.

On Friday, June 24, he released the document ” Giving yourself the means to adapt to the effects of climate change in France: what are we talking about? “.

“Negative Effects”

The Climate Economics Institute defines adaptation as everything that can be done to anticipate the negative impacts of climate change and identify appropriate measures to prevent or minimize the damage that those impacts could cause “. Thus, this term does not refer to neither the cost of damages associated with climate change, nor the needs associated with the economic and social changes required by policies to combat greenhouse gas emissions. “.

Lack of anticipation

Today in France, we still have a lot of, often urgent, responses to, for example, the effects of extreme weather events, but very little anticipation to prepare for the effects of climate change. Or we announce measures somewhat opportunistically, without reviewing everything we could do to adapt. “, notes Vivian DepotI4CE project leader.

18 measures

There is a range of concrete actions that can be taken now to better prepare for the impacts of climate change. “, assures Vivian Depu. I4CE” defines 18 measures that are in line with national policy decisions that can be taken after the adoption of the next financial bill for a total of 2.3 billion euros for an additional year. “.

“Very specific”

This number ” not so great, given that it covers all areas of adaptation to climate change. These are very specific measures. ”, explains the I4CE project leader. This includes, for example, upward revisions to the budgets of certain government policies (…), creating special envelopes to redevelop the coastline in the face of rising sea levels, transforming the city, improving building construction… “.

“It’s minimum”

But Vivian Depou assures that ” 2.3 billion euros a year is the minimum, this is the most important thing. After that, adaptation is also a social choice that will need to be made. “. Then he takes an example with school buildings: We may decide that passing the tank through 40°C is not serious. We may decide to reschedule the bachelor’s degree date, or we may decide to invest heavily in the refurbishment of all secondary schools in France in the coming years. “.


18 measures stem from 11 “projects” identified by the I4CE, including “Management and coordination of adaptation policies at the national, regional and local levels”;

“Sustainably protect water resources”;

“anticipate and prevent the health impacts of climate change”; “Strengthen civil security policies to meet rising risks”;

“Maintaining the level of prevention of natural risks, despite climate change”;

“Rethinking Cities to Combat the Human Heat Island Effect”.

To accompany

Other construction sites

“Take into account the future climate in the construction and reconstruction of buildings”;

“Ensuring the sustainability of vital networks and infrastructures: transport, water, energy”;

“Support for coastal redevelopment in the face of rising sea levels”;

“Act for sustainable forests and support the services they provide” and

“Supporting Diversification and Transition of Mountain Economies”.